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A cytoskeleton is present in the cytoplasm of all cells, including bacteria, and archaea. It is a complex, dynamic network of interlinking protein filaments that.
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The cytoskeleton also allows the cell to adapt. Often, a cell will reorganize its intracellular components, leading to a change in its shape.

role of the cytoskeleton in heart failure | Cardiovascular Research | Oxford Academic

The cytoskeleton is responsible for mediating these changes. By providing "tracks" with its protein filaments, the cytoskeleton allows organelles to move around within the cell.

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In addition to facilitating intracellular organelle movement, by moving itself the cytoskeleton can move the entire cells in multi-cellular organisms. In this way, the cytoskeleton is involved in intercellular communication.

The Cytoskeleton and Cytosol

The cytoskeleton is composed of three different types of protein filaments: actin, microtubules, and intermediate filaments. Actin is the main component of actin filaments, which are double-stranded, thin, and flexible structures. They have a diameter of about 5 to 9 nanometers. Actin is the most abundant protein in most eukaryotic cells.

14: The Cytoskeleton

Most actin molecules work together to give support and structure to the plasma membrane and are therefore found near the cell membrane. Microtubules are long, cylindrical structures composed of the protein tubulin and organized around a centrosome, an organelle usually found in the center of the cell near the cell nucleus. Unlike actin molecules, microtubules work separately to provide tracks on which organelles can travel from the center of the cell outward.

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The cytoskeleton is unique to eukaryotic cells. It is a dynamic three-dimensional structure that fills the cytoplasm. This structure acts as both muscle and skeleton, for movement and stability.

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The long fibers of the cytoskeleton are polymers of subunits. The primary types of fibers comprising the cytoskeleton are microfilaments, microtubules, and intermediate filaments. Microfilaments are fine, thread-like protein fibers, nm in diameter.

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  4. They are composed predominantly of a contractile protein called actin, which is the most abundant cellular protein. Microfilaments' association with the protein myosin is responsible for muscle contraction. Microfilaments can also carry out cellular movements including gliding, contraction, and cytokinesis.